Forest Management Services


The Forest Management Service (FMS) deals with the promotion of effective protection, development, occupancy, management and conservation of forest lands and watersheds, including grazing areas, reforestation and rehabilitation of critically denuded/degraded forest reservations, improvement of water resource-use and development, ancestral lands development of forest plantations, including rattan, bamboo and other valuable non-timber forest resources, rationalization of the wood-based industries, regulation of the utilization and exploitation of forest resources to ensure continued supply of forest goods and services.

Management of Forestlands and Forest Resources

The effective and efficient management of forestlands and forest resources require sufficient and reliable databases that serve as tool for decision-making and policy formulation essential in monitoring, assessment, and reporting of actual operations on the ground. The forestry sector shall continue to intensify efforts toward information technology through the implementation of the Forestry Information System (FIS) and the Forest Stock Monitoring System (FSMS).

FIS concerns with the production of countryside statistical and geographic information on the forests situation, while FSMS, to a large extent deals with field implementation and data gathering that includes: (1) pre-harvest inventory; (2) timber harvesting monitoring activities; (3) post-harvesting residual forest inventory; (4) collection of forest charges, government share and silvicultural fees; (5) log transport documentation; (6) log sales and transport; and (7) manual reporting system.

Forest Development  – National Greening Program

This program deals with the efficient and effective development, management, and conservation of forestlands and watersheds through reforestation especially of the critically denuded/degraded forestlands. Reforestation and rehabilitation activities in order to restore the forestlands involve establishment of plantation areas as safeguard against soil erosion, landslides, floods and other ecological devastation.

The National Greening Program or the NGP as the DENR banner program is a convergence initiative of DA-DAR-DENR where the DENR stands as the lead agency. As a government priority pursuant to EO Nos. 23 and 26, both series of 2011, the NGP aims to: (1) contribute in reducing poverty among upland and lowland poor households, indigenous peoples, and in coastal and urban areas; (2) implement sustainable management of natural resources through resource conservation, protection, and productivity enhancement; (3) provide food, goods and services such as timber, fiber, non-timber forest products, aesthetic values, air enhancement values, water regulation values, and mitigate climate change by expanding forest cover that serve as carbon sink; (4) promote public awareness as well as instill social and environmental consciousness on the value of forests and watersheds; (5) enhance the formation of positive values among the youth and other partners through shared responsibilities in sustainable management of tree plantations and forest resources; and (6) consolidate and harmonize all greening efforts of the government, civil society, and the private sector.

Under the NGP, about 1.5 billion trees in 1.5 million hectares of lands of the public domain shall be planted for a period of six (6) years from CY 2011 to CY 2016. Very crucial in the implementation of NGP is the establishment, expansion and/or rehabilitation of clonal nurseries aimed at ensuring the production of high quality seedlings for planting in identified/selected areas/sites. 


Forestlands, mangrove and protected areas, ancestral domains, civil and military reservations and urban areas are the target areas for NGP.


  • Food security
  • Poverty reduction
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation


  • Social Mobilization

All government agencies, together with the academe, private sectors, Non-government Organizations, peoples organization and civil society are encouraged to take part in the implementation of NGP as volunteer planters, stewards and donors.

  • Harmonization of Initiatives

The NGP harmonizes and consolidates all greening programs such as Upland Development Program, Luntiang Pilipinas and similar activities of the private sector and LGU and the civil society.

  • Provision of Incentives

All proceeds from the agroforestry plantations, duly accounted by the DENR, shall accrue to the NGP beneficiary communities.

The NGP beneficiary communities shall be considered priority in the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) of DSWD.

Other incentives shall be developed by the convergence initiative to encourage rain forestation, particularly in the protected area.

  • Monitoring and Management of Database

The DA-DAR-DENR Convergence Initiative shall develop a centralized database and provide regular monitoring and timely report on the progress of the NGP.

The Convergence Initiative shall engage the private sector, civil society and academe in the monitoring and evaluation of the NGP.

The DA-DAR-DENR Convergence Initiative shall develop a centralized database and provide regular monitoring and timely report on the progress of the NGP.

The Convergence Initiative shall engage the private sector, civil society and academe in the monitoring and evaluation of the NGP.

Forest Protection

The program's main objectives are: (1) the protection of the forestlands from any form of forest destruction thru forest fire management and protection from and control of pests and diseases; and (2) the enforcement of forest laws, rules and regulations thru the strengthening of the DENR capacity on surveillance and monitoring activities to control illegal forestland entry and occupation, smuggling and illegal logging activities, and the institutionalization of Multi-sectoral Forest Protection Committees (MFPCs) in all provinces to assist in forest protection and forest development.

Aware of the prevalence of forest fire especially during the dry season, a more aggressive conduct of training on forest fire management of trainors as well as forestland tenure holders will be supported under this program. Likewise, the hiring of Bantay Gubats and ENR Extension Officers will be pursued vigorously not only to protect the untenured natural forests, strengthen forest law enforcement, and uncover/control illegal logging activities, but also to promote employment and job opportunities aimed at reducing poverty in the upland. 

Community-Based Forestry Management Program

The CBFM Program integrates all people-oriented forestry activities aimed at strengthening the management and protection of forest resources, and at the same time, provide for livelihood and entrepreneurial capabilities to upland communities involved.

Under the CBFM program, a given community will be allocated a portion of the public forest to manage by entering into a contract or agreement with the DENR. A corresponding management plan is prepared whereby the harvesting aspect, and the forest renewal strategies, among others are stipulated in the contract/agreement. Since the community benefits from the area, it is expected that they protect the forests from unauthorized access; hence, the CBFM program is regarded as an effective tool in protecting the forests.

An important factor needed for the success of the program includes the values formation of the communities to motivate them in the right direction. Thus, to ensure success, several levels of training such as on community organizing; management; leadership; the various technical aspects of managing the forests; and the business aspects are being undertaken. Primary activities under this program include the documentation and packaging of good practices in CBFM, evaluation of expiring certificates of stewardship contracts, and assessment of CBFM projects. 

Soil Conservation and Watershed Management

The goal of soil conservation and watershed management activities are directed at promoting environmentally sound and sustainable land-use particularly in upland watershed areas. Activities involving soil conservation and watershed management are focused in preventing soil erosion in upland areas that in turn disrupts the operation and effectiveness of water-related infrastructure downstream due to siltation and sedimentation.

Watershed management starts with watershed characterization and the development of the corresponding management plans. Primary development component activities include: (1) reforestation/afforestation of degraded portions of the watershed; (2) assisted natural regeneration – a low-cost conservation technique where lands of steep slopes with high erodibility are set aside for soil conservation; and (3) soil conservation – whereby construction of vegetative and structural soil conservation measures are applied in order to stabilize and control soil erosion.

Forest Boundary Delineation and Land-Use Allocation

The program involves the establishment of boundaries between permanent forests and alienable and disposable lands, clearly marked and maintained on the ground, with infrastructure or roads, or concrete monuments at intervals of not more than five hundred (500) meters in accordance with established procedures and standards, or any other visible and practicable signs to insure protection of the forests.

Major steps for the delineation/and or relocation survey of forest boundaries include: preparation of base maps; forestland-use assessment; relocation survey; monumenting; inspection, verification and approval of survey; final map preparation; preparation of draft bill; conduct of public hearings; revision of the draft bill; finalization of the bill; and enactment into law by the President of the Philippines.

The completion of forest boundary delineation will help address the issue of open access in forestlands identified as one of the major causes of encroachment and conversion of forestlands into non-forest uses. Further, this will help ensure protection and sustainable development of the forestlands including the resources therein. It will also help determine the proper land-use and appropriate management of forestlands.



Province Total Land Area (ha) A & D (ha) Unclassified Forestland
Area % to Total Area % to Total Area % to Total
2,147,036 1,204,649 56% 27,268 127% 942,387 44%
Zambales 371,440 116,485 31% 254,955
Tarlac 305,345 184,975 61% 120,370
Pampanga 218,068 172,616 79% 45,452
N. Ecija 528,433 343,257 65% 185,176
Bulacan 262,505 185,333 71% 630 24% 77,172
Bataan 137,291 69,975 51% 67,316
Aurora 323,954 132,008 41% 26,638 822% 191,946


25 159,153.03 269 6,260.39 7 1,976.50 120 68,333.23
Zambales 7 9,983.03 25 1,910.00 3 730.5 31 17,982.78
Tarlac 3 5,355.00 8 1,867.00 1 820 17 8,583.51
Pampanga 4 3,446.19
N. Ecija 1 880 21 105 3 426 22 7,257.95
Bulacan 3 1,958.00 172 1,439.15 15 6,616.69
Bataan 2 1,137.00 43 939.24 24 7,943.74
Aurora 9 139,840.03 7 16,502.37


32 2,261.37 1 600 109 931.46 3 5,683.37
Zambales 18 853.07 15 139.94
Tarlac 2 115.3 23 41.54 1 2,700.00
Pampanga 3 138 4 7.08 1 1,090.37
N. Ecija 6 555 1 600 27 467.18
Bulacan 3 600 20 92
Bataan 14 173.73 1 1,893.00
Aurora 6 10


(CBFM Areas as of December 2010)
PROVINCE No. of  People’s Organization No. of Beneficiaries PROJECT AREA (ha)
TOTAL  120 10,440 68,267.02
Zambales 31 3,274 17,917.02
Tarlac 17 2,114 8,583.57
Nueva Ecija 22 1,258 7,257.95
Pampanga 4 705 3,446.19
Bulacan 15 909 6,616.69
Bataan 24 1,897 7,943.74
Aurora 7 283 16,502.37